The Indigenous History Group, a committee affiliated with the Canadian Historical Association, is pleased to offer a prize for the best article in aboriginal history.
Madeline Whetung. “(En)Gendering Shoreline Law: Nishnaabeg Relational Politics Along the Trent Severn Waterway.” Global Environmental Politics 19, no. 3 (August 2019): 16–32.
"(En)gendering Shoreline Law" is a superb contribution to Mississaugi history, legal history, the history of Ontario, gender history and treaty history. Whetung skillfully weaves together archival research with oral histories, demonstrating great sensitivity to Anishinaabe ontology. She critiques settler mythologies about the historical significance of the Trent Severn Waterway and recentres Anishinaabe people on the lands and waters of Michi-Saagig territory. In so doing she makes visible the tremendous impact of settler colonial economic activities on the lands and waters of this region, and moreover, reveals the impact such activities had on Anishinaabekwe responsibilities for water.
Krista McCracken. "Challenging Colonial Spaces: Reconciliation and Decolonizing Work in Canadian Archives." Canadian Historical Review 100, no. 2. (June 2019): 82–201.
“Challenging Colonial Spaces” is an outstanding contribution on the complex power relationships embedded within our archives. Drawing on decolonization and settler colonialism literature and their experience as a settler archivist at the Shingwauk Residential School Centre, they illustrate how traditional archival practices are built on the power structures of colonial relationships. The article illustrates that the archival community must decolonize in order for Canada to be compliant with the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Calls to Action, the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and the United Nations Joinet-Orentlicher Principles. Commenting that there is no singular approach to decolonizing the archives and that the work must be done with Indigenous participation, McCracken offers tangible suggestions for how to move forward.
Micah A. Pawling, “W?last?kwey (Maliseet) Homeland: Waterscapes and Continuity within the Lower St. John River Valley, 1784-1900”. Acadiensis XLVI, no. 2 (Summer/Autumn 2017).
In “Maliseet Homeland” Micah Pawling builds an empirically-nuanced and theoretically-informed argument demonstrating Maliseet strategies for remaining in their homeland despite intense pressures caused by colonial immigration. Focusing on the southern Saint John River, between the colonial centres of Saint John and Fredericton, Pawling’s article uses the concept of waterscape and an analysis of memory to reorient our attention away from the political, social, economic, and cultural boundaries that often structure the historian’s craft. What Pawling makes clear is that, by using both formal and informal strategies, during the 19th century many Maliseet continued living in their homeland despite settler-caused pressure on resources and the colonial state’s efforts to erase their presence. In so doing, Pawling’s work develops recent scholarship on decolonizing methodologies, historical memory, space, place, dispossession and survivance.
Allan Downey, "Playing the Creator's Game on God's Day: The Controversy of Sunday Lacrosse Games in Haudenosaunee Communities, 1916-24", Journal of Canadian Studies 49, no. 3 (2015).
Masterfully weaving together the experiences of communities and local cultures and politics with broader national policies and processes, Allan Downey’s analysis of the controversy surrounding Sunday lacrosse games in two Haudenosaunee communities (Akwesáhsne and Six Nations) in the early decades of the last century carefully documents the spectrum of Indigenous and non-Indigenous viewpoints while demonstrating convincingly that the struggle was never only about sport or religion, but about self-determination. It is an important and timely contribution to our understanding of the nature of modern colonialism and of the forms of Indigenous resistance.
Jason Hall, "Maliseet Cultivation and Climatic Resilience on the W?last?kw/St. John River During the Little Ice Age,"Acadiensis 44, no. 2 (2015): 3-25.
Weaving together documentary sources and oral traditions, Hall’s reconstruction of the history of Maliseet plant cultivation on middle reaches of the W?last?kw/St. John River over the last millennium offers a powerful challenge to received notions about Indigenous economies, the impact of European contact, and the significance of the Little Ice Age in the Northeast. At Meductic, thanks to a favourable microclimate and Maliseet ingenuity, techniques of maize cultivation persisted through climatic changes that doomed the practice elsewhere and prepared the ground, quite literally, for the later establishment of European agriculture there and elsewhere in the region.
No prize was given in 2015
Isaiah Lorado Wilner, “A Global Potlatch: Identifying the Indigenous Influence on Western Thought,” American Indian Culture and Research Journal 37, no. 2 (2013): 87–114.
In a “A Global Potlatch” Wilner reads the global history of ideas from the inside out, arguing that in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries the Kwakwaka’wakw people of British Columbia did more than merely react to the process of colonialism initiated and directed by outsiders. As demonstrated through the life and writing of German-?American anthropologist Franz Boas, Indigenous intellectuals and leaders such as George Hunt actively sought to communicate to outsiders their vision of a world where people are not separated by difference so much as united by their shared capacity for transformation. Boas proved receptive and his new understanding of culture as process, now recognized as a major element of Western thought, deserves to be recognized as having its roots in the laws, lifeways, and philosophy of the Kwakwaka’wakw peoples.
Miles Powell, “Divided Waters: Heiltsuk Spatial Management of Herring Fisheries and the Politics of Native Sovereignty" in The Western Historical Quarterly, Vol. 43, No. 4 (Winter 2012, pp. 463-484).
Powell’s important article links history to contemporary politics and offers dynamic insights from a variety of disciplines. It is a welcome contribution to the growing literature on the utility and successful implementation of traditional practices within aboriginal communities. In brief, Powell demonstrates how the Heiltsuk effectively managed their herring fisheries through complex systems of marine space. It traces this management by looking at how the Canadian state originally deemed these systems primitive and unlawful, but later adopted a quota system that paralleled its aboriginal antecedents. Powell effectively demonstrates how this new spatial order continued to privilege the interests of the colonizers.
Keith Carlson. “Orality about Literacy: The ‘Black and White’ of Salish History,” in Keith Thor Carlson, Kristina Fagan, and Natalia Khanenko-Friesen, eds., Orality and Literacy: Reflections across Disciplines (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2011)
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